The sociology major is directed toward the exploration of theories and concepts that help to explain the order, meaning and coherence of human social life. Courses in sociology emphasize the following: social organization and conflict; a comparative analysis of societies and social institutions; the role of culture in shaping human behavior; and principles of social interaction. Students develop a fundamental understanding of sociological theories and research methods, as well as breadth in substantive areas of the discipline.

At Wilson, the sociology major pays particular attention to social inequalities and the myriad ways that social life is structured by social class, race, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. Students are required to complete an internship and an advanced seminar that strengthen their capacity to understand and analyze social life.